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題文
Mother made a promise ____ I passed the college entrance examination she would buy me a mobile phone.
A.thatB.if thatC.that ifD.that whether
題型:單選題難度:偏易來源:不詳
答案
C
名詞promise后是同位語從句,用that引導;if引導條件狀語從句。
據魔方格專家權威分析,試題“Mother made a promise ____ I passed the college entrance exa..”主要考查你對  并列連詞從屬連詞  等考點的理解。關于這些考點的“檔案”如下:
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并列連詞從屬連詞
考點名稱:并列連詞
  • 并列連詞的概念:

    連詞是一種虛詞,它不能獨立擔任句子成分而只起連接詞與詞,短語與短語以及句與句的作用。連詞主要可分為兩類:并列連詞和從屬連詞。并列連詞用來連接平行的詞、詞組和分句。如:and, but, or, nor, so, therefore, yet, however, for, hence, as well as, both...and, notonly...butalso, either...or, neither...nor, (and)then 等等。

  • 并列連詞與并列結構:

    并列連詞引導兩個并列的句子。
    1)and與or:
    判斷改錯:
    (錯) They sat down and talk about something.
    (錯) They started to dance and sang.
    (錯) I saw two men sitting behind and whisper there.
    (對) They sat down and talked about something.
    (對) They started to dance and sing.
    (對) I saw two men sitting behind and whispering there.
    解析:第一句:and連接兩個并列的謂語,所以talk應改為talked。
                第二句:and連接兩個并列的動詞不定式,第二個不定式往往省略to,因此sang應改為sing。
                第三句:and連接感觀動詞saw后面的用作的賓補的兩個并列分詞結構,因此whisper應改為whispering。
    注意:and還可以和祈使句或名詞詞組連用表示條件。(or也有此用法)
    如:Make up your mind, and you'll get the chance.=If you make up your mind, you'll get the chance.
            One more effort, and you'll succeed.=If you make one more effort, you'll succeed.
    2)both...and 兩者都
    如:She plays(both) the piano and the guitar.
    3)not only...but(also), as well as 不但…而且
    如:She plays not only the piano, but(also) the guitar.
    注意:not only…but also關聯兩個分句時,一個分句因有否定詞not而必須倒裝。
    如:Not only does he like reading stories, but also he can even write some.
    4)neither...nor 意思為“既不……也不……”謂語動詞采用就近原則,與nor后的詞保持一致。
    如:Neither you nor he is to blame.

  • 比較so和such :

    so與such的用法由不同詞性決定。such是形容詞,修飾名詞或名詞詞組,so是副詞,只能修飾形容詞或副詞。so還可與表示數量的形容詞many,few,much,little連用,形成固定搭配。
    構成:so+adj.
                such+a(n)+n.
                so+adj.+a(n)+n.
                such+n.(pl.)
                so+adj.+n.(pl.)
                such+n.(pl.)
                so+adj.+n.[不可數] 
                such+n.[不可數]
    如:so foolish 
            such a fool  
            so nice a flower 
            such a nice flower 
            so many/few flowers 
            such nice flowers 
            so much/ little money.
            such rapid progress
            so many people
            such a lot of people
    :so many 已成固定搭配,a lot of 雖相當于many,但a lot of為名詞性的,只能用such搭配。 so...that與such...that之間的轉換既為so與such之間的轉換。

  • 并列連詞用法點撥:

    1、表示并列關系:
    1)or意思為“否則”。
    如:I must work hard, or I'll fail in the exam.
    2)either...or意思為“或者……或者……”。注意謂語動詞采用就近原則。
    如:Either you or I am right.
    2、表示轉折或對比關系:
    1)but表示轉折,while表示對比。
    如:Some people love cats, while others hate them.
    典型例題:
    —Would you like to come to dinner tonight?
    —I'd like to, ___ I'm too busy.
        A. and
        B. so
        C. as
        D. but
    答案:D。but與前面形成轉折,符合語意。而表并列的and,結果的so,原因的as都不符合句意。
    2)not...but...意思為“不是……而是……” not和but后面的用詞要遵循一致原則。
    如:They were not the bones of an animal, but(the bones) of a human being.
    3、表示原因關系:
    1)for 判斷改錯:
    (錯)For he is ill, he is absent today.
    (對)He is absent today, for he is ill.  for是并列連詞,不能置于含兩個并列分句的句子的句首,只能將其放在兩個分句中間。

  • 并列連詞知識體系

    種類 用法 舉例
    并列連詞 表示轉折關系 yet, but等
    表示并列關系 and, or, either...or..., as welll as等
    表示因果關系 for, so等
  • 比較and和or的用法:

    1)并列結構中,or通常用于否定句,and用于肯定句。
    2)但有時and也可用于否定句。請注意其不同特點:
    如:There is no air or water in the moon.
            There is no air and no water on the moon.
    在否定中并列結構用or連接,但含有兩個否定詞的句子實際被看作是肯定結構,因此要用and。

    典型例題

    —I don't like chicken___fish.
    —I don't like chicken, ___I like fish very much.
    A. and;and
    B. and;but
    C. or;but
    D. or;and
    答案:C。否定句中表并列用or,but表轉折。
    判斷改錯:
    (錯)We will die without air and water.
    (錯)We can't live without air or water.
    (對)We will die without air or water.
    (對)We can't live without air and water.

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